Cartilage Damage and Osteochondral Defects
If you are suffering from cartilage injuries, you may be having one or more of the following symptoms:
Joint pain – at rest and when putting weight on the affected joint
Swelling around the affected joint
Clicking or grinding sensation
Joint locking or catching
What happens when you have Cartilage Damage?
Cartilage damage occurs due to excessive activity of joints, sports injury, accidents or trauma and even ageing. The most affected joint is the knee joint (picture), followed by shoulder, ankle, elbow and wrist.
Injured cartilage does not heal itself as cartilage does not have blood supply.
If left untreated, cartilage damage will worsen with time and lead to early onset of osteoarthritis (usually within 5-6 years after cartilage injury)
Stages I and II of cartilage damage are early stages. Once cartilage gets damaged, in its place fibrous cartilage (a very poor form of the actual cartilage – hyaline cartilage) is formed. Fibrous cartilage has very poor mechanical strength.
Presence of fibrous cartilage makes the joint susceptible to further injuries and it becomes very difficult to carry out normal activities like walking, running, yoga and sports. Reduced physical activity will lead to diseases associated with sedentary lifestyle such as diabetes, obesity, hypertension and cardiovascular disorders.
A stage IV arthritic joint needs to be replaced by Total Knee Replacement surgery.
Cure Cartilage injury with Cartilage Cell Therapy
Cartilage does not have blood supply and will not heal on its own like a skin injury. Hence, cartilage damage needs to be treated by external intervention.
Cartilage cell therapy consists of using the patients’ own cells (autologous) as a therapeutic tool to cure cartilage damage and osteochondral defects.
More than 600 patients have been successfully treated with bone cell therapy with 90% success and long-term follow-up of 10 years
Eliminates need for Total Knee Replacement
Natural treatment – uses patients’ own cells
Minimally invasive arthroscopic procedure
Cartilage Cell therapy – Treatment
Healthy cartilage is extracted from the patient
Cartilage cells (chondrocytes) are cultured and expanded in the laboratory
Cultured chondrocytes are then implanted into the region of cartilage damage
Outcome of Cartilage Cell Therapy
New hyaline cartilage is regenerated at the defect sire
Progression of cartilage damage is stopped
Full range of motion of the joint is restored
Original knee joint is preserved
Patient is free of pain and disability
Patient returns to active normal life and sports activities